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International Court of Justice


The International Court of Justice is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations. Its seat is at the Peace Palace in the Hague (Netherlands). It is the only one of the six principal organs of the United Nations not located in New York (United States of America). The Court’s role is to settle, in accordance with international law, legal disputes submitted to it by States and to give advisory opinions on legal questions referred to it by authorized United Nations organs and specialized agencies. Not to be confused with the ICC (International Criminal Court).

Moderators: Moderators, UN Court of Justice
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UNSC


The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) has primary responsibility, under the UN Charter, for the maintenance of international peace and security. It has 15 Members (5 permanent and 10 non-permanent members). Each Member has one vote. Under the Charter, all Member States are obligated to comply with Council decisions. The Security Council takes the lead in determining the existence of a threat to the peace or act of aggression. It calls upon the parties to a dispute to settle it by peaceful means and recommends methods of adjustment or terms of settlement. In some cases, the Security Council can resort to imposing sanctions or even authorize the use of force to maintain or restore international peace and security. The Security Council has a Presidency, which rotates, and changes, every month.

Moderators: Moderators, UNSC Chair
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ECOSOC/UNICEF


United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) and United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) shoved into one big forum. ECOSOC, one of the six main organs of the United Nations established by the UN Charter in 1946, is the principal body for coordination, policy review, policy dialogue and recommendations on economic, social and environmental issues, as well as for implementation of the internationally agreed development goals. ECOSOC serves as the central mechanism for the activities of the United Nations system and its specialized agencies, and supervises the subsidiary and expert bodies in the economic, social and environmental fields.

Moderators: Moderators, ECOSOC/UNICEF Chair
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GA/HRC


The General Assembly is the main deliberative, policymaking and representative organ of the UN. All Member States of the UN are represented in the General Assembly, making it the only UN body with universal representation. Each year, in September, the full UN membership meets in the General Assembly Hall in New York for the annual General Assembly session, and general debate, which many heads of state attend and address. Decisions on important questions, such as those on peace and security, admission of new members and budgetary matters, require a two-thirds majority of the General Assembly. Decisions on other questions are by simple majority. The General Assembly, each year, elects a GA President to serve a one-year term of office. For the purposes of simplicity, at the beginning of each season, all countries are member states of the United Nations excluding: North Korea, Western Sahara, the Vatican (AKA the Holy See), Palestine, and rebel states such as ISIS.

Moderators: Moderators, GA/HRC Chair
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